Article

Effect of stand characteristics and environmental factors on the volume increment of oak in Poland
Wpływ cech drzewostanu i czynników środowiskowych na przyrost miąższości dębu w Polsce
VIET HOANG DUONG XO, LUIZA TYMIŃSKA-CZABAŃSKA, SŁAWOMIR KONOPA, JAROSŁAW SOCHA
Sylwan 168 (2):71-91, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26202/sylwan.2023116
Available online: 2024-04-18
Open Access (CC-BY)
environmental effect • forest productivity • GAM • NFI • periodic volume increment

Abstract
Volume increment is a valuable indicator of the growth and performance of stands over time. It allows forest managers to assess forest productivity and indicate changes in growth conditions. In forestry practice, growth and productivity models can be developed by integrating volume increment data with environmental factors. The primary objective of this study was to develop a generalized additive model that would explain the influence of tree characteristics, climate and topography on oak volume increment. Our findings underscored the significant impact of basal area, age, height, and relative spacing index on the periodic annual volume increment (PAIv) of oak in Poland. We found that temperature, precipitation, slope and soil type within the study area also had significant effects on PAIv. The developed model explained approximately 43.8% of the variance of the PAIv. Notably, when applied to specific natural forest regions, the explanatory capacity of the model increased significantly, reaching around 64.4%. For smaller areas such as natural forest regions, PAIv was mainly determined by stand characteristics and less influenced by site factors such as slope and climate. This enhanced accuracy enhances its practical value and underscores its utility in distinct forest management contexts.

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